Indian-History

State Reconstruction:Even after 21 months of State bifurcation, the problems persist and finding solutions amicably continues to be a challenge for the government. Despite severe bottlenecks in the wake of state bifurcation, the government has recorded appreciable progress in terms of the objective of achieving inclusive growth with note worthy performance in both development and welfare sectors.The assurances of the Union Government to the State of Andhra Pradesh in the A.P. Reorganisation Act, 2014 and in the speech of the then Prime Minister in Rajya Sabha to support the State on several fronts still remain mostly unfulfilled. During these few months, the support from the Commission was not very encouraging either. No special preference was given to the State despite requests for handholding support, excepting the usual allocations made to other States, as per their eligibility. Union Budget 2016-17 also did not make any special and noteworthy allocations to the State.The State Government, running financial deficits and planning to build a world class infrastructure in the proposed capital city of Amaravati, is waiting for a big support from the Centre. All measures humanly possible have been taken, not only to overcome the difficulties but to convert the crisis into opportunity and also lay solid foundation for “Sunrise Andhra Pradesh”. The state reconstruction is planned in a way such that it promotes inclusive growth.The Government continues its focus on social infrastructure towards not only meeting basic minimum requirements of the people especially for ensuring higher levels of social justice in society in accordance with the Millennium Development Goals but also the upcoming Sustained Development Goals and the associated global indices. The government is confident that once the process of social development is institutionalized, it provides sustenance for overall economic development.The MDGs, adopted in 2000, aimed at an array of issues that included slashing poverty, hunger, disease, gender inequality, and promoting access to water and sanitation. The world over enormous progress has been made on the MDGs, demonstrating the value of a unifying global agenda underpinned by goals and targets. However, despite the significant success, poverty and inequality has not yet ended for all while the MDG implementation period has ended in December 2015. The Government of India hasannounced an SDG frame work containing 14 Goals and 88 Indicators on 11th December 2015.Geographic, Demographic and Socio-Economic profile of Andhra PradeshWith the geographical area of 1,62,760 sq km Andhra Pradesh ranks as the 8th largest State in the country. Situated in a tropical region, the state has the 2nd longest coastline in the country with a length of 974 km. The State has a forest area of 34,572 Sq.Kms as per the forest records, which accounts for 21.58% the total geographical area.Andhra Pradesh is the tenth largest state in the Country, in terms of population. As per 2011 Census, the State accounts for 4.10% of the total population of the country. The decadal growth of population rose from 18.88 percent during 1961-71 to 21.13 percent during 1981-91. Subsequently a significant decline was observed in the rate of growth of population and decline is even more prominent at 9.21 percent during 2001-11, lower than the All-India’s growth rate of 17.72 percent.The density of population for Andhra Pradesh is 304 persons per square kilometer, as against 368 persons per square kilometer at all India level in 2011. The sex ratio in the state was up from 983 in 2001 to 997 in 2011 and is higher than all India figure of 943 in 2011.The literacy rate of the State is 67.35 percent in 2011 as against 62.07 percent in 2001. The literacy rate of the State is lower than the all India literacy rate at 72.98% percent. Literacy in Andhra Pradesh increased over 37 percentage points from 29.94 percent in 1981 to 67.35 percent in 2011. Female literacy rate has gone up from 52.72 percent in 2001 to 59.96 percent in 2011.Urbanisation has been regarded as an important component for growth realization. The percentage of urban population to the total population in the State is 29.47 percent in 2011 as compared to 24.13 percent in 2001.Sand, silt, and clay are the basic types of soils and most of soils are made up of a combination of these three. The texture of the soil, how it looks and feels, depends upon the amount of each one in that particular soil. There are various types of soils and the formation of soil is primarily influenced by major factors such as climate, altitude and composition of bedrock etc. Disproportion in the distribution of rainfall in the country and excessive heat contribute special characters to the soils.4SOCIO ECONOMIC SURVEY 2015-16GENERAL REVIEWThe land utilization classification reveals that 38.31% of the state geographical areas is under net area sown (62.35 lakh hectares), 22.51 % under forest (36.63 lakh hectares), 8.61 % under current fallow lands (14.01 lakh hectares), 12.30% under land put non-agricultural uses (20.02 lakh hectares), 8.30 % under barren and uncultivable land (13.51 lakh hectares) and remaining 9.97% is under other fallow land, cultivable waste lands like permanent pastures and other grazing lands and land under miscellaneous tree crops and groves are not included in the net area sown.Salient features of the Survey: Macro-Economic Aggregates - Current ScenarioThe GSDP at Current Prices for the year 2015-16 (Advance Estimates) is compiled by adding Product taxes and deducting Product subsidies to the GVA at current basic prices and estimated at Rs.6,03,376 crore as against Rs.5,32,922 crore for 2014-15.The Central Statistical Office(CSO) has shifted the base year from 2004-05 to 2011-12 and also revised the methodology. As per the Advance Estimates, the GSDP at constant (2011-12) Prices for the year 2015-16 is estimated at Rs. 493641 crores as against Rs.44,4752 crores for 2014-15 (First Revised Estimates) indicating a growth of 10.99 per cent. The corresponding growth rate of GDP of India is 7.6 per cent. The GVA at Constant (2011-12) Basic Prices for the year 2015-16 is estimated at Rs. 4,55,484 crore as against Rs. 4,12,188 crore of 2014-15(FRE), registered a growth rate of 10.50 percent. The corresponding growth rate for India stands at 7.3 per cent. The sectoral growth rates of GVA of Andhra Pradesh at constant (2011-12) prices are Agriculture : 8.4%, Industry: 11.13% and Services sector: 11.39%. The Per Capita Income (NSDP) of Andhra Pradesh at current prices increased to Rs.1,07,532 from Rs.95,689 in 2014-15 registering a growth of 12.38 percent.Public Finance:The revenue for the state in FY 2015-16 stood at Rs 44423 Crores from Own Tax sources, Rs 5341 Crores from Own Non Tax sources and Rs 40104 Crores of Central Transfer. The total Own Tax Revenue was Rs 29857 Crores in FY 2014-15 (2nd June 2014 – Mar 2015) and Rs 44423 Crores in FY 2015-16. State’s Own Non Tax Revenue was Rs 3955 Crores in the FY 2014-15 (2nd June 2014 – Mar2015) and was Rs 5341 Crores in FY 2015-16. The main contribution towards the State’s Own Non Tax Revenue included the Mines and Mineral, Forests, Education and Other revenue sources. Resource flow from the Centre was Rs 28569 Crores in the FY 2014-15 (2nd June 2014 – Mar 2015) and was Rs 40104 Crores in FY 2015-16. Finance Commission allocation constituted a major portion of this Central Transfers, which was Rs 15517 Crores in the FY 2014-15 (2nd June 2014 – Mar 2015) and Rs 30116 Crores in FY 2015-16.The Total Expenditure by the State was Rs 86906 Crores in the FY 2014-15 (2nd June 2014 – Mar 2015) and was Rs 106425 Crores in FY 2015-16. The revenue expenditure was Rs 75246 `Crores in the FY 2014-15 (2nd June 2014 – Mar 2015) and was Rs 93521 Crores in FY 2015-16. It is important to mention that in its strive to built a developed Andhra Pradesh, the state spent Rs 12559 Crores on its Capital Outlay in FY 2015-16, which stood at Rs 6520 Crores in FY 2014-15.PricesConsumer Price Indices for Industrial Workers increased by 4.45% and 5.56% in the State and All India level respectively during the period from April, 2015 to Nov,2015 over the corresponding period of previous year. Wholesale Price Index (WPI) serves as an important determinant in formulation of trade, fiscal and other economic policies by the government. WPI (Base Year 2004-05) for All Commodities increased from 176.4 in Apr 2015 to 177.6 in Nov 2015.Public Distribution28,953 Fair Price (FP) shops are functioning in the State as on 30.11.2015. 4,598 are in urban areas and 24,355 are in rural areas. On an average, each shop has 450 cards/ families. There is one shop for every 1,725 persons in Andhra Pradesh vis- à-vis the Government of India’s norm of one shop for every 2,000 persons.At present, 119.79 lakh priority households are being supplied 5 kgs. of rice per person per month at Re.1/- per Kg. The requirement of rice is 1.82 lakh MTs per month. At present, 9.47 lakh AAY families are being supplied rice @ 35 Kgs. per family per month at Re.1/- per Kg. A quantity of 33,158 MTs. of rice is being supplied under AAY schemeUnder this e-PoS system, the ration cardholder can drawGENERAL REVIEWessential commodities from any ePoS enabled F.P. shop irrespective of having his / her ration card number in Dynamic Key Register of a particular ePoS enabled F.P. shop. This innovative PDS in the state received wide accolades.Seasonal conditions:Rainfall received during the South West Monsoon period for 2015-16 was 523 mm as against the normal rainfall of 556 mm, recording a deficit by 5.9 %. The rainfall received during the North East monsoon period for 2015-16 was 287 mm as against the normal rainfall of 296 mm, recording a deficit of 3.0%.Agriculture & Allied sectors: Agriculture:The area under food grains is estimated to be 41.30 lakh hectares in 2015- 16 as against 39.63 lakh hectares in 2014-15, showing an increase of 4.21% The total production of food grains in 2015-16 is estimated at 137.56 lakh tonnes while it was 160.03 lakh tonnes in 2014-15 showing a decrease of 14.04%. While the production of pulses which is estimated at 12.65 LMT during 2015-16 as against 9.5 LMT of 2014-15, showed a notable increase of 33%, oilseeds production too depicted an impressive increase of 47% - up from 5.91 LMT in 2014-15 to 8.69 LMT in 2015-16.Adding to the unfavourable seasonal conditions, low water levels in reservoirs that led to non-release of canal water for KC canal & NSP area, resulted in deficit crop coverage of 6.99 lakh ha under major crops like paddy, cotton, groundnut, tobacco, maize and sugarcane. However, anticipating the likely shortage in crop coverage, the government has taken immediate suitable steps and suggested crops like millets and pulses to farmers and positioned seeds well in advance. These extension measures helped in bringing in a crop coverage of 4.07 lakh ha, leaving only 2.92 ha of unsown area compared to 2014-15.Innovative interventions like Farmer Producer Organisations(FPOs), Soil Health Cards, Testing of soil samples, reducing Micro nutrient deficiency and extension and guidance from knowledge partners like ICRISAT are helping the farming community to enhance their incomes.Horticulture:Wide range of agro-climatic conditions of the state is conducive for growing a large variety of Horticulturalcrops, including, root and tuber crops, ornamental crops, plantation crops like coconut, cashew and cocoa etc., it contributes about 5.6% of the State GDP and is moving towards value enhancement in addition to focus on production. 14.74 Lakh Ha. area is under Horticulture with production of 188.22 lakhs MTs of Horticulture crops in Andhra Pradesh. The area under fruits is 5.76 lakhs Ha, Vegetables 2.33 lakh Ha, Spices 2.21 lakh Ha and Plantation crops 4.27 lakh Ha.The Government is taking up horticulture development in a big way. The focus in recent years has been on increasing production and productivity of horticulture crops, development of infrastructure for post harvest management and providing access to domestic and export markets. Andhra Pradesh ranks 1st in the production of Oil Palm, Tomato, Chillies Turmeric and Mango; 2nd in production of loose flowers in India (NHB data base 2013).Livestock and FisheriesAs per Livestock Census 2012, 62.54 lakh out of 126.65 lakh (49.38%) households in the state are engaged in Livestock / Livestock related rearing activities. The state stands 2nd in Egg production (1309.58 crores), 4th in Meat production (5.27 lakh Metric Tons) and 6th in Milk production (96.56 Lakh Metric Tons) in the country as per the estimates during 2014-15. The value of livestock produce, as per the Advance estimates for 2015-16 is estimated to be Rs.49,361 crores at current basic prices and the livestock sector contributes 8.85% to the state GVA.Production of fish/prawn in the state has increased consistently from 8.14 lakh tonnes in 2005-06 to 19.78 lakh tonnes in 2014-15, and 16.275 lakh tonnes (upto Dec, 2015) registering an average annual growth rate of 9.92%. This became possible because of the large scale involvement of farmers who were driven by robust market especially in Kolkata and North-Eastern states took up intensive pisciculture in the delta areas of the state. The state aims to be the Aqua Hub of the World.Industrial DevelopmentThe Government is striving towards creation of quality infrastructure coupled with congenial industrial environment in the State to make Andhra Pradesh an attractive destination for both foreign and domestic investors. Andhra Pradesh is the first State in India to take6SOCIO ECONOMIC SURVEY 2015-16GENERAL REVIEWup the initiative in bringing A.P. Single Window Clearances system under e-Biz project of National e-Governance plan of Government of India.1784 Large and Mega Projects with an investment of Rs.81,261 crore have gone into production creating employment to 4,35,506 persons as on September,2015. The Government of India (GoI) has announced a National Manufacturing Policy, 2011, with the objective to enhance the share of manufacturing in GDP to 25% within a decade and creating 100 million jobs.Chennai Bangalore Industrial Corridor is one of the mega Infrastructure projects of Government of India which passes through the State. With the main objective to increase the share of manufacturing sector in the GDP of the country and to create smart sustainable cities which will have world-class infrastructure, convenient public transport etc. Vizag Chennai Industrial Corridor is a key part of the planned East Economic Corridor and India’s first coastal corridor and the extent of it is considered from Pydibheemavaram in Srikakulam district to Chennai in Tamilnadu.Industrial InfrastructureAndhra Pradesh is the first State in the country to announcean exclusive state SEZ policy with special package ofincentives and concessions and finalized the VisakhapatnamSpecial Economic Zone in an area of 3,500 acres of land. Out of 19 SEZs 4 were IT/ITES SEZs, 4 Multi Product SEZs, 4 Pharmaceuticals SEZs, 2 Textile and Apparel SEZs, 1 Building Products SEZ, 1 Leather Sector SEZ, 1 Footwear SEZ, 1 Alumina/Aluminium Refining SEZ and 1 Food Processing SEZ.Index of Industrial ProductionThe General Index for the period from April to October 2015 in Andhra Pradesh stands at 191.9 against 192.0 observed in the same period.Garnet, Granite, Titanium, etc. for establishment ofCement, Gas based Thermal Plants, Oil Refinery, Cutting & Faceting, Mining & Refinery, Steel & Sponge, Alumina Smelter and Aluminium Refinery etc., as focus industry for overall development of the Mining Sector in the State.Commerce and ExportsThe Exports from the state have recorded as Rs.19183.74 crore in the first half of the year 2015-16 (from April 2015 to September 2015). The Major exports from the State are Drugs & Pharmaceuticals and Allied chemicals.IrrigationThe State of Andhra Pradesh is allocated 512.040 TMC of Krishna Waters under the existing Projects and also given liberty to utilise remaining water to the extent feasible. The State of Andhra Pradesh has taken up 4 projects such as Telugu Ganga Project, Handri Niva Srujala sravanthi, Galeru Nagari Srujala Sravanthi and Veligonda based on the surplus water as per Krishna Water Dispute Tribunal and are in advanced stage of completion. The existing utilization under Godavari is to the extent of 308.703 TMC.Seven Priority projects viz– 1. Pattiseema Lift IrrigationReservoir are planned to be completed during 2015-16 to 2017-18.Minor IrrigationAbout 40,817 tanks serving an ayacut of 25.60 lakh acres (including 35,376 tanks transferred from Panchayat Raj department with an ayacut of 8.01 lakh acres) are under Minor Irrigation.Mines and GeologyThe main aim of State Mineral Policy is to serve as a guiding force to translate the State’s mineral potential into reality with eco-friendly and sustainable mining. TheMining Sector is identified as one of the growth engines and certain minerals have been identified as focus minerals viz. Bauxite, Heavy minerals, Beach Sand, Limestone, Gold, Diamond, Dolomite, Oil & Natural gas, Uranium,GroundwaterThe state has been divided into 736 watersheds (which are also called groundwater basins or assessment units) for estimation of groundwater resources. The net groundwater irrigation potential created during 2014-15 was 11.09 lakh hectares. At present, the well population is 14.49 Lakh (agricultural connection) with the gross area irrigated under groundwater for the year 2014-15 is 15.32 lakh hectares.GENERAL REVIEWCoastal Andhra region recorded a net rise of 1.35 metres and Rayalaseema region recorded a net rise of 1.94 metres. Neeru-Chettu Mission is a sub-mission of Primary Sector Mission and important two aspects of the mission are Water Conservation and Water management. The State is planning to become drought proof and several strategies are being put in place including real time monitoring of water levels by Piezometers.PowerDuring the year 2015-16, it is programmed to release 50,000 new agricultural connections. Upto 30-09-2015, 39,553 agricultural services have been released. The total agricultural services existing in the state as on 30-09-2015 is 15.49 lakhs. The installed capacity as on 30-09-2015 is 10587.43. Power sector reforms are helping the state in achieving for development.RoadsThe total R&B Road network in the state as on 22-12-2015 was 46,869.60 Kms. The R&B department maintains a total of 41,956 Km of roads (excluding NH roads) comprising 6,485 Kms of State Highways, 19,807 Kms of Major district roads and 15,664 Kms of rural roads. There are 24 National Highways in the state covering a length of 4913.60 Km.The density of National Highways is 9.98 Kms per lakh population (2011) in the State as against national average of 7.67 km and in terms of area coverage, a length of 30.70 Kms is available for every 1,000 Sq. Kms in the State as against national average of 28.2 km.TransportThe transport department plays a key role in granting licenses to drivers, registration of motor vehicles, issue of transport permits, levy and collection of motor vehicle tax, enforcement of vehicle violations, and acts as nodal agency for road safety and motor vehicles pollution control.The State as on 31-12-2015 had a registry of 85.05 lakh vehicles.APSRTCThe corporation has 4 zones, 12 regions and 126 depots with a total fleet strength of 11,962 buses and 60006 employees on rolls as on October, 2015. The average vehicle productivity per day of its fleet is 362 kms.AirportsGovernment has entered into memorandum of understanding with Airports Authority of India for upgradation/modernization of non-metro airports at Vijayawada, Tirupati, Kadapa and Rajahmundry. There is a scope for improvement of air linkage is essential to fast development in the state. There are proposals for development of regional airports at Kuppam, Chittoor district, Dagadarthi, Nellore district and Orvakallu, Kurnool district.Sea PortsAndhra Pradesh has 974 Kms long coast line with a major Port at Visakhapatnam under Government of India control and 14 notified ports under State Government. Of which 4 are captive ports. One port is proposed at Duggarajapatnam in SPSR Nellore district. The State Government declared Kakinada SEZ as a minor port. It is proposed to handle all cargos in SEZ through this captive port.CommunicationsThere were 10,375 Post offices and 2,427 Telephone exchanges in the state upto October 2015.TourismThe State is a home to a number of holy pilgrim centres, attractive palaces, museums, ports, rivers, beaches and hill stations. Andhra Pradesh with more than 300 tourist locations attracts the largest number of tourists in India. More than 7.5 million visitors visit the state every year. APTDC operates 28 tour packages including on demand tours. Most popular river Cruise on river Godavari between Pattiseema and Papikondalu is being operated that is attracting large number of tourists. Huge investment proposals are being tracked to promote tourism which not only adds GVA but provides employment.Information TechnologyGovernment has put in place three policies – IT policy, Electronic policy and Innovation and Startup policy, which are based on four pillars - Infrastructure, Incentives, Human resource development and Good governance. The Policies offer Incentives and Facilitations unparalleled in the country. 100% Tax reimbursement of VAT/CST, for the new units started after the date of issue of the policy,8SOCIO ECONOMIC SURVEY 2015-16GENERAL REVIEWfor a period of 5 years from the date of commencement of production for products manufactured in AP and sold in AP. e-Pragati is a massive program covering 33 departments and 315 agencies and around 745 services have been identified so far.School EducationOut of the total enrollment 69.02 lakhs, 35.48 lakhs in I-V classes; 20.72 lakhs in VI-VIII classes, 12.82 lakhs in IX-X classes. During 2015-16, the dropouts at I-V classes (Primary Level) were 8.76%, 14.75% at I-VIII (Elementary Level) and 23.87% at I-X (Secondary Level). Necessary measures have been taken to retain children into schools.During 2015-16, there were 1,08,200 teachers in primary schools, 61,663 in Primary with Upper Primary schools(I-VII/VIII), 3,489 in Primary with Upper Primary, Secondary & Higher secondary schools (I-XII) and 2024 in Upper Primary with Secondary & Higher secondary schools (VI-XII) 13,542 in Primary with Upper Primary & Secondary schools(I-X) and 1,06,864 in Upper Primary with Secondary (VI- X). 38.39 lakh children were covered under Mid day meal programme during 2015-16, out of which, 20.00 lakh are in Primary [I-V] classes including NCLP, 11.15 lakh in Upper primary (VI-VIII) and 7.24 lakh children in High schools in the state.Intermediate EducationThere are 444 government junior colleges, 8 government vocational junior colleges under the administrative control of the Director of Intermediate Education. Besides the Government sector, there are 1819 private un-aided junior colleges functioning in A.P.Collegiate EducationHigher Education has been identified as a growth engine in the sunrise state of Andhra Pradesh and is pushed in a mission approach for sustaining and promoting quality of education and for providing purposeful education, particularly to students hailing from marginalized sections of the society. There are 146 Government degree colleges (145 Degree +1 oriental college) and 141Private Aided colleges (126 degree +15 oriental) existing in the state with a total strength of 2,06,705 students.To strengthen the existing Jawahar Knowledge Centers in Degree Colleges the department of higher Education, Government of Andhra Pradesh has entered into partnership with the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS). The parallel degree programme is designed so that the graduating youth acquire job related skills through immersive projects and will be offered to students through Jawahar Knowledge Centres (JKC) across the StateSarva Shiksha Abhiyan352 KGBVs were sanctioned in Educationally Backward mandals in the state and all these schools were operationalized with an enrolment of 67541 children. Government of India have taken a decision to collect information from class I to class-XII level under the name of Unified District Information system for Education (U-DISE) with September 2015 as reference date during 2015-16 Under Badi Pilustondi programme 4,89,278 children were admitted in Class-I. Transition from Class-V to VI- 6,28,105. Transition from Class-VI to VII - 6,51,301 children: 6,33,070 children transition from Class-VII to VIII. Vidya sadassulu’’ were conducted in 651 mandals across the state and grama sabhas were conducted in 27,735 habitations.Technical EducationAt present, there are 1357 Diploma & Degree level professional institutions with an intake of 3,44,551 in the State. There are 306 polytechnic institutions in the State with a total intake of 86831 and 18 D. Pharmacy institutions with a total intake of 1080. 41 Skill Development centers have been established in polytechnics to provide industry relevant skill training and to improve the quality in technical education.IIM, at Visakhapatnam, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) at Merlapaka Village Yerpedu (M),Chittoor Dist., Indian Institute of Science Education Research (IISER ) at Srinivasapuram, Panguru and Chindepalle Villages of Yerpedu (M), IIIT, Sri City, Chittoor District, National Institute of Technology (NIT), Tadepalligudem and IIIT, Kurnool were started in 2015-16.GENERAL REVIEWFamily WelfareFamily Welfare Department provides Maternal Health care, child health care and family welfare services through 7,659 sub-centres, 1,075 Primary Health Centres, 193 Community Health Centres, 49 area hospitals, 9 District hospitals, 6 Mother and Child Care hospitals and 11 Teaching hospitals. There are 73 Urban Family Welfare Centres, and 193 Urban Health Centres in urban areas of the State. The State Government has envisaged establishment of 26 Special New Born Care Units (SNCUs), 18 Nutrition Rehabilitation Centres, 95 Newborn Stabilization Units (NBSUs) and 789 New Born Care Corners (NBCCs) in the state to reduce Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) by strengthening neo-natal care services. The percentage of deliveries in Government hospitals has increased from 42% in 2014 to 44% till November 2015.Dr NTR Vaidya SevaThe scheme has established a demand-side mechanism that mobilizes and channels additional public financing to health, introduced an explicit benefits package, pioneered cashless care and fostered public private partnerships. Under the scheme, 50.23 lakh patients were screened, 39.70 lakh Out- patients were treated in 532 active hospitals.All the Primary Health Centres (PHCs) which are the first contact point, Area/District Hospitals and Network Hospitals, are provided with Help Desks manned by Vaidya Mithra to facilitate the illiterate patients. 104 seva kendram is an integrated call center established by the Govt of A.P. on 1.10.2015 which functions round the clock for grievances redressal pertaining to medical and health department.A.P. Vaidya Vidhana ParishadAPVVP hospitals provide out-patient, in-patient services, diagnostic services and laboratory services. At present there are 114 hospitals under the control of APVVP in the State. There are 766 Doctors, 2036 Nursing and 917 Paramedical, 435 Administration cadres working for health care in the state and 26 blood banks, 38 blood storage centres are functioning in APVVP Hospitals in the State. Under NRHM 11 SNCU, 5 NRC, 84 NBSU, 59 CEMONC, 12 Tribal Hospitals are functioning in APVVP Hospitals. 3 MCH Hospitals are established in APVVP Hospitals. 84 new born stabilization units 84 new born are located in APVVP Hospitals.HealthSeveral schemes like National Leprosy Eradication Programme, Integrated Disease Surveillance Project, National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Program and National Programme for Prevention and Control of Diabetic, Cancer, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke are being implemented in the state. 2.04 lakh cataract operations were conducted during 2015-16 (upto October 2015). Awareness campaign about Iodine Deficiency Disorders and use of Iodized salt were conducted in all districts.AIDS Control SocietyThe fourth phase of National AIDS Control Programmea response to the epidemic. SACS has been providing prevention, treatment, care and support services through the establishments in the state. In collaboration with SCERT, this school based programme is being implemented in 8,000 secondary schools across the state with the objective of reaching out students in age group of 12-15 years.Women Development and Child WelfareThe Department is running 46 Homes for Children and 21 Institutions for Women to cater to the needs of Children and Women in difficult circumstances. About 9.07 Lakh children are attending pre-school education activities in Anganwadi centres. 257 ICDS projects are functioning in the State. At present the 34.58 lakh beneficiaries were covered under Supplementary Nutrition Programme during 2015-16 (upto October 2015). “Anna Amrutha Hastam Programme” - One Full Meal to Pregnant & Lactating Women was implemented in 104 ICDS Projects in the State. 2.58 lakh persons were benefitted under “Maa Inti Mahalakshmi” programme so far.Welfare of DisabledThe Government of India sanctioned 7 District Disability Rehabilitation Centres in the districts of East Godavari, Vizianagaram, Kurnool, Prakasam, Nellore, Kadapa and Chittoor districts. Government sanctioned changing 6th Roster Point reserved for Blindness or Low Vision (Women) to Blindness or Low vision (Open) and 106th Roster Point reserved for Blindness or Low Vision (Open) to Blindness or Low vision (Women).10SOCIO ECONOMIC SURVEY 2015-16GENERAL REVIEWBackward Class WelfareAt present, there are 897 government B.C. hostels, (692 hostels for boys and 205 hostels for girls) with a total strength of 96,997 boarders were admitted in the hostels during 2015-16. There are 32 B.C. Residential Schools (17 for boys and 15 for girls) with a total strength of 13,130 students functioning in the state during the year 2015-16. 98.50% of X class students in BC Residential schools were passed against the 91.42% of state average during the year 2014-15. 10955 primary co-operative societies have been registered in all districts of the state for 10 Federations.Social WelfareAs per the 2011 Census, Scheduled Castes population forms 17.08 percent of the total population of Andhra Pradesh and 79.98% of the Scheduled Caste people live in rural areas. Enrollment ratio 82.29% as against the general ratio of 100%.1259. Hostels are functioning in the state, with an admitted strength of 1.09 lakh in 2015-16. 566 special hostels and 27 Integrated hostel Welfare Complexes are functioning in the State. The overall pass percentage is 85.43 as against the State average of 91.42. NTR Vidyonnathi a new scheme to provide professional guidance to 250 SC students each year for Civil Services examinations by sponsoring them to nationally reputed institutions. Chandranna Cheyutha is a Skill Development Programme for SC Youth, around 30,000 SC Youth in the state with an approximate cost of Rs.45 crore were benefited under this programme.Tribal WelfareGovernment is keen on providing quality residential education to all ST children. Proposed to convert the all the TW hostels into residential schools in a phased manner. During the year 2015-16 it is proposed to convert 30 hostels into ashram schools in scheduled areas and 50 Hostels in to Residential Schools in non scheduled areas benefiting 11,600 ST students. 92.62% pass percentage (91.42 state average) in SSC examinations. Under Skill Development programme, 6,000 ST youth will be provided training for skill upgradation including direct placements. 3212 ST youth were trained and provided placement upto October, 2015.Minorities WelfareGovernment is providing Scholarships both MTF and RTF to the post matric students covering Intermediate, Graduation, Postgraduation, diploma courses like Polytechnic, Nursing etc., professional courses like MBBS, B.Tech, MBA, MCA etc., on saturation basis. Government introduced a new scheme Dulhan scheme duly dispensing Mass Marriage Scheme enhansing financial assistance from Rs.25,000/- to Rs.50,000/-. During the year 2015-16 5,714 minority persons to be trained in various vocational and skill development activities. Training institutions have been finalized and applications are invited from the eligible Minority candidates. 54 urdu ghar cum shadikhanas are functioning in the state.Housing65,76,553 houses have been completed comprising 60,02,439 in rural areas and 5,74,114 in urban areas under weaker section housing program, since inception till the end of December 2015. District wise details of Houses constructedduring the year 2015-16 (upto Dec 2015). The board has so far constructed 24982 houses.Public HealthAt present 8 ULBs i.e. Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada, Tirupathi, Rajahmundry, Kadapa, Pulivendula, Puttaparthi & Tadipathri Underground Drainage Schemes are functioning with a total treatment capacity of 295.00 MLD. Construction of sewage treatment plants in 3 ULBs are in progress at Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada &Yemmiganur to add Additional Sewage capacity 177.8 MLD and are proposed to be completed by March 2016.Rural Water Supply and SanitationThere were 1,84,904 bore wells fitted with Hand pumps, 30,233 PWS Schemes and 483 CPWS Schemes (including Sri Satya Sai Schemes). So far 1,77,137 Individual Household Latrines (IHHLs) are constructed as against the target of 15.22 lakh.Municipal AdministrationSwachha Andhra Corporation has sanctioned 1,63,381 individual house hold toilets, of which 47,559 units were already constructed in 110 ULBs.GENERAL REVIEWMEPMA61,960 Persons with Disabilities (PWDs) are also organized into 6,196 exclusive SHGs, 79 Town Vikalangula Samakyas (TVSs) and 111 Parents Associations of Persons with Mental Rehabilitation (PAPWMRs) were formed in the State. 6,614 unemployed poor youth were trained during 2014-15 and 2,980 placed in 2015-16 under STEP-UP programme of SJSRY. Strengthening and sustainability of livelihoods of Street Vendors (SVs) has been proposed to be implemented in all ULBs in the State as a part of the national policy on urban street vendors. During the year 2015-16, 35 City Livelihood Centres were started in all NULM ULBs.Rural DevelopmentNTR Jala Siri a MGNREGA- RIDF convergence project, aims at changing 2.31 lakh acres of fallow and uncultivated land in to irrigated lands. MGNREGS is being implemented in 13,085 Gram Panchayats. 5.03 lakh Srama Shakti Sanghams have been formed with 60 lakh households covering 88.50 lakh wage seekers. Payments and Pay slips to Beneficiaries through DBT and Biometric system.bank linkage in the country being delivered here under Chandranna Cheyutha- Investment Capital. During 2015-16, over Rs.6700 crore of bank linkage has been facilitated against a target of Rs.12288 crore. Community Based Organisations have built up enormous financial capital base through savings corpus. SERP’s livelihood strategy is therefore, now focused at three levels- on household based livelihoods grounding, supporting and nurturing SHG linked enterprises and businesses and finally, on building value chains, second generation institutions and verticals around sectors that can create high value for the SHG members in terms of income increase.Rural and Urban SHGs have been provided with market access through regular DWCRA Bazaars, SARAS exhibitions in the Godavari Pushkarams. SARAS exhibitions have been held in other states alsoNTR Bharosa has turned public service delivery into a reality- at the door step of the beneficiary with timely and hassle-free delivery of services month on month. The Government has launched the Digital Literacy program for DWCRA members.PovertyThe poverty ratios for rural and urban areas of united Andhra Pradesh were 10.96% and 5.81% respectively and combined ratio stands at 9.20%. The corresponding figures for All India during the same period were 25.70%, 13.70% for rural and urban areas and the combined was 21.92%. The poverty in the State is on a decline and currently stands at 9.2%.Employment – UnemploymentAs per the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) of 68th Round (ie.during 2011-12) the unemployment rate for Andhra Pradesh State for Rural and Urban sectors stood at 12 and 43 respectively. Similarly for All India, the corresponding estimates are 17 and 34 in respect of Rural and Urban areas.Employment & TrainingThere are 9,244 establishments in organized sector in the state providing employment to 8.60 lakh persons. Of the total establishments, 6,470 are in public sector (with employment of 6.04 lakh persons) and 2,774 (with employment of 2.56 lakh persons) are in private sector. 31 ITIs have been covered in all under the scheme for up-gradation as Centers of Excellence / Trades in a phased manner.Skill DevelopmentThe Andhra Pradesh State Skill Development Corporation was set up to skill 2 crore people in Andhra Pradesh in next 10 – 15 years with a vision to be one of the best three states in India by 2022 and the best in the country by 2029, when India celebrates its 75th year of Independence and to achieve status of fully developed state. Thus target from 2015-16 to 2019-2020 is projected at 50 lakh at the rate of 10 lakh per year and 2 crore in fifteen year target i.e. by the year 2029.Strategies for Achieving the VisionThe state is devising strategies that result in double digit growth in a sustained manner. It is a notable achievement that the state has successfully achieved double digit growth in the current year. Implementation of appropriate policies and programmes by the state, as per the advance estimates,12SOCIO ECONOMIC SURVEY 2015-16GENERAL REVIEWhave enabled to register an Impressive growth rate of 10.99% in the GSDP for the year 2015-16, compared to India’s growth rate of 7.6%. The growth rate in the Gross Value Added(GVA) stands at 10.50%. It is targeted to grow at 15% next year.Andhra Pradesh, rich in natural and human resources, is keen to leverage its strengths through district specific growth strategies and achieve double digit growth targets. While focus will be on Coast-led growth, manufacturing, agro-processing, pharma, development of physical infrastructure like ports, airports and river ways are some of the key areas identified for pushing the growth significantly. Sector specific strategies have been developed to achieve desired inclusive growth.People-centric initiativesJanma Bhoomi Maa VooruThe Government has launched a people-centred development and welfare programme “Janmabhoomi - Maa Vooru” and conducted first two rounds of the programme during October,2014 and June 2015, covering identified thrust areas. The 3rd Round of Janma Bhoomi was conducted from 2nd to 11th January, 2016 with the main theme of Smart Village – Smart Ward Towards Smart Andhra Pradesh (SVSW) in all the GPs/Wards with thrust areas of NTR Bharosa Pension (NBP) Scheme, Public Distribution System, Panta Sanjiivini, NTR Jala Siri, Waada Waada lo Chandranna Baata(CC Roads), NTR Vaidya Pariksha scheme, Swatcha Bharat-Toilets, NTR Vaidya Seva, Talli Bidda express scheme and Grievances.Smart Village Smart Ward towards Smart Andhra PradeshGovernment of Andhra Pradesh has embarked on a noble initiative to make all Gram Panchayats and Wards smart as part of Smart Village and Smart Ward towards Smart Andhra Pradesh programme, which was officially launched by the Hon’ble Chief Minister in January 2015. The Smart Village-Smart Ward programme intends to achieve smart infrastructure, smart service delivery, smart technology and innovation, smart institutions along with optimal mobilisation and utilisation of available resources, leading to faster and more inclusive growth.A ‘Smart Village/Ward’ encompasses sustainable and inclusive development of all sections of its community for enjoying a higher standard of living. The 100 per cent achievement of the 20 basic amenities, outcomes and services in a definite time frame, is a non-negotiable condition for moving towards Smart Village-Smart Ward. All GPs and Wards of the state are covered under the programme. Partners are being contacted regularly to actively involve themselves and to motivate the community. Over 15,000 partners have so far partnered in the development initiative.Establishment of Smart AP Foundation:Government have established an independent ‘SMART AP FOUNDATION’ as a society under Andhra Pradesh Societies Registration Act, 2001 to serve as a platform for the general and sectoral partners and the activities are being monitored by a Chief Executive Officer for the foundation.GENERAL REVIEW